Ranthambhor National Park is situated 14 K.m from Sawai Madhopur. The Park derivers its name from the Ranthambhor Fort situated within its precincts. The Park is a remarkable example of a precariously balanced arid ecosystem. Surrounded by the Vindhyas & the Aravalis , amidst vast , arid & denuded tracts of the desert ecology of Rajasthan,lies this oasis of biomass,. The Ranthambhor National Park, Spreads over an area of 392 Sq. Km of thick forest with nullahs & waterfalls. The Vegetation pf the park is the tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn forest type. Due to its hilly tract, water is confined to narrow valleys and some lakes. Important tree Special include Dhok , Flame of the Forest , Ber , Aam & Acocia Leco Phleea. Rajbag, Padam Talab & Malik Talab are a paradise for the wildlife and are full of Nymphaeas and Lotus. The herbivorous population includes Chital, Sambhar, Blue Bull, and Chinkara. Sambhar deer is the pride of the park. There is no park in Asia where largest of all Asiatic deers can be seen so frequently during the day time. Wild boars and langurs are a common sight. Among the reptiles, crocodiles can be seen basking in the sun near the lakes. The Tiger is the biggest attraction of thr park. According to naturalists , Ranthambhor is one of the best parks in the country for observing and photographing the activities of the tigers. Other Carnivores in the park include the leopard , hyena , Jackal, Fox, caracal, Jungle cat & rattle. Around 80 sloth bears are known to exist in the park.
The Park has more than 300 varieties of birds. Common birds seen in the reserve are Peafowl's, parakeets, doves , partridges, Storks , egrets, flycatchers ,eagles & owls. During the winter months, Migratory birds such as prey lag goose, ruddy she duck and pintails are also see. Some rare birds like the black eagle and the crested hawk eagle have also been sighted in the park recently. Recently , the Kaila Devi Sanctuary to the north -east of Ranthambhor Natinal Park. Which is also famous for its tiger, and sawai Man singh Sanctuary towards the south hae been included in the park and now a part of ranthambhore National Park. The dry deciduous forest of Kaila Devi is Spread over 676 sq. Kms. Besides the tiger , visitors can see the leopard , hyena, sambhar, chital, blu bull, fox, jungle cat, jackal, crocodile, gharial and a variety of birds.